What causes basilar artery occlusion?

What causes basilar artery occlusion?

The risk factors for basilar artery thrombosis are the same as those seen generally in stroke. The most common risk factor is hypertension, which is found in as many as 70% of cases. It is followed by diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, peripheral vascular disease, cigarette smoking, and hyperlipidemia.

What is basilar artery syndrome?

Vertebrobasilar insufficiency is a condition characterized by poor blood flow to the posterior (back) portion of the brain, which is fed by two vertebral arteries that join to become the basilar artery. Blockage of these arteries occurs over time through a process called atherosclerosis, or the build-up of plaque.

Is a basilar artery occlusion a stroke?

Basilar artery occlusions (BAOs) are a subset of posterior circulation strokes. Particular issues relevant to BAOs include variable and stuttering symptoms at onset resulting in delays in diagnosis, high morbidity and mortality, and uncertain best management.

How is basilar artery occlusion treated?

Recanalization of the basilar artery is key to the successful treatment of basilar artery thrombosis and to improving its prognosis.

Can you live with blocked basilar artery?

The patient mortality rate is greater than 85%, although it drops to as low as 40% in patients with recanalization. One can expect good functional outcomes in as few as 24 to 35% of patients treated with intravenous or intra-arterial thrombolysis.

How do you treat basilar artery?

Recanalization of the basilar artery is key to the successful treatment of basilar artery thrombosis and to improving its prognosis….Stroke-related therapy

  1. Hemodynamic management.
  2. Respiratory management.
  3. Thrombolysis.
  4. Intra-arterial thrombolysis.

What is a basilar aneurysm?

Basilar trunk artery aneurysms are extremely rare lesions that account for only 2.1% of all intracranial aneurysms. They are mostly recognized in patients around the age of 60, show a slight male predominance, and are associated with high morbidity and mortality.

How serious is a basilar tip aneurysm?

Ruptured basilar tip aneurysms may result in fatal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) and mortality could be as high as 23%.

Who is prone to brain aneurysm?

Brain aneurysms can occur in anyone and at any age. They are most common in adults between the ages of 30 and 60 and are more common in women than in men. People with certain inherited disorders are also at higher risk.