What causes head mouth and foot disease?
Hand, foot, and mouth disease (HFMD) is a highly contagious infection. It’s caused by viruses from the Enterovirus genus, most commonly the coxsackievirus. These viruses can spread from person to person through direct contact with unwashed hands or surfaces contaminated with feces.
What are the symptoms of hand, foot, and mouth disease in adults?
Hand, foot, and mouth disease usually begins with a fever, reduced appetite, sore throat, and feeling lethargic. After developing a fever, painful sores may develop in the mouth. These sores, called herpangina, appear as spots — usually in the back of the mouth. These spots can blister and become painful.
What does hand, foot, and mouth disease look like?
The rash usually looks like flat, red spots, sometimes with blisters. Fluid in the blister and the resulting scab that forms as the blister heals may contain the virus that causes hand, foot, and mouth disease. Keep blisters or scabs clean and avoid touching them.
How do you get rid of hand foot and mouth disease fast?
There’s no specific treatment for hand-foot-and-mouth disease. Signs and symptoms of hand-foot-and-mouth disease usually clear up in seven to 10 days. A topical oral anesthetic may help relieve the pain of mouth sores.
Do you have to stay home with hand foot and mouth?
People with HFMD need to stay home and away from other people. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that you wash and sanitize toys. Sanitize surfaces in your home, especially surfaces other family members may touch, too.
Is there a vaccine for hand foot and mouth disease?
Currently, there is no pharmacological intervention or vaccine available for HFMD. A formalin-inactivated EV-A71 vaccine has completed clinical trial in several Asian countries. However, this vaccine cannot protect against other major emerging etiologies of HFMD such as CV-A16, CV-A6 and CV-A10.