What happens to the heart muscle during depolarization?

What happens to the heart muscle during depolarization?

Depolarization of the heart leads to the contraction of the heart muscles and therefore an EKG is an indirect indicator of heart muscle contraction. The cells of the heart will depolarize without an outside stimulus. This property of cardiac muscle tissue is called automaticity, or autorhythmicity.

How do cardiac cells depolarize?

Synchronous contraction: all cardiomyocytes (including pacemaker cells) are electrically coupled through gap junctions. An action potential in one cell will cause all neighbouring cells to depolarize, allowing the heart chambers to act as a unit.

How does depolarization and repolarization occur in the heart?

Each deflection (wave) of the ECG represents either depolarization or repolarization of the specific parts of the heart. Because depolarization occurs before mechanical contraction, the waves of depolarization can be associated with contraction and relaxation of the atria and the ventricles.

What is the meaning of depolarisation?

Definition of depolarization 1 : the process of depolarizing something or the state of being depolarized. 2 physiology : loss of the difference in charge between the inside and outside of the plasma membrane of a muscle or nerve cell due to a change in permeability and migration of sodium ions to the interior …

Why does depolarisation occur?

The depolarization, also called the rising phase, is caused when positively charged sodium ions (Na+) suddenly rush through open voltage-gated sodium channels into a neuron. As additional sodium rushes in, the membrane potential actually reverses its polarity.

What causes depolarization of a cardiac muscle cell to occur?

What causes depolarization of a cardiac muscle cell to occur? Conductive cells contain a series of sodium ion channels that allow a normal and slow influx of sodium ions that causes the membrane potential to rise slowly from an initial value of −60 mV up to about –40 mV. The resulting movement of sodium ions creates spontaneous

What causes the wave of depolarization?

Lead I becomes inverted.

  • Leads II and III switch places.
  • Leads aVL and aVR switch places.
  • Lead aVF remains unchanged.
  • How is cardiac different from skeletal and smooth muscle?

    Skeletal (muscles that move voluntarily)

  • Smooth (involuntary muscles in organs)
  • Cardiac (only found in the heart)
  • What happens during ventricular repolarization?


  • Voltage gated Potassium ion channel.
  • Conformations (open and closed) In order to understand the reason behind its voltage change responses,it is essential to take a look at its structure.
  • Types of potassium ion channels.
  • Repolarization of Ventricles.
  • Early Repolarization Syndrome.
  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
  • Conclusion.