What species live on Easter Island?
Terrestrial fauna of Easter Island
- Moko uru-uru kau. Moko uri uri.
- Chimango Caracara. Perdiz chilena.
- Frigatebird. Red-tailed tropicbird.
- Manutara. Manukena.
- Sea turtle at Hanga Piko. Rape rape, a type of lobster endemic to Easter Island.
What plants are native to Easter Island?
Today only 31 wild flowering plants, 14 ferns, and 14 mosses are reported. Grass and small ferns dominate the barren landscape, whereas the boggy crater lakes are thickly covered by two imported American species, the totora reed (an important building material) and Polygonum acuminatum (a medicinal plant).
What became extinct on Easter Island?
Easter Island palm
Around 1400 the Easter Island palm became extinct due to overharvesting. Its capability to reproduce has become severely limited by the proliferation of rats, introduced by the islanders when they first arrived, which ate its seeds.
Does Easter Island have spiders?
The 36 species mentioned are all anthropochorous and must have been introduced by man since they first arrived on the island and more especially during the frequent visits over the last decades.
What is the mystery of Easter Island?
Rapa Nui (or Easter Island, as it is commonly known) is home to the enigmatic Moai, stone monoliths that have stood watch over the island landscape for hundreds of years. Their existence is a marvel of human ingenuity — and their meaning a source of some mystery.
What is Easter Island famous for?
stone statues of human figures
Easter Island is famous for its stone statues of human figures, known as moai (meaning “statue”). The island is known to its inhabitants as Rapa Nui. The moai were probably carved to commemorate important ancestors and were made from around 1000 C.E. until the second half of the seventeenth century.
Why did Easter Island lose its trees?
It’s believed the trees were cut down by the ancestors of today’s Easter Islanders in order to transport the giant stone statues – the Moai – as well as to build canoes, houses and fires to burn the dead. When Europeans “discovered” the island during Easter in 1722, there was not a single tree to be seen.
How did Easter Island lose its trees?
What did Easter Island eat?
The typical food of Easter Island is based mainly on marine products, such as fish, among which tuna, mahi mahi, the sierra or kana kana stand out, and seafood such as lobster, shrimp and the rape rape, a smaller type of lobster native to the island.
How many species of plants are there on Easter Island?
Currently, a total of 212 different plant species have been identified, of which 46 are native and 166 were introduced to the island at different times in Easter Island’s history. The latter dominate the island’s current terrain, with the Eucalyptus, Melias, and guavas standing out.
Are there any endangered species in the Philippines?
The Critically Endangered Philippine eagle ( Pithecophaga jefferyi ), the second-largest eagle. The patchwork of isolated islands, the tropical location of the country and the once extensive areas of rainforest have resulted in high species diversity in some groups of organisms and a very high level of endemism.
How many species of insects are found in the Philippines?
About 70 percent of the Philippines’ nearly 21,000 recorded insect species are found only in this hotspot. About one-third of the 915 butterflies found here are endemic to the Philippines, and over 110 of the more than 130 species of tiger beetle are found nowhere else.
How many endemic plants are there in the Philippines?
At the very least, one-third of the more than 9,250 vascular plant species native to the Philippines are endemic. Plant endemism in the hotspot is mostly concentrated at the species level; there are no endemic plant families and 26 endemic genera.